If you have ever had a stroke, or seen a loved one have a stroke, it can be a pretty frightening incident, speaking from first-hand experience. This newsletter will help you better understand what a stroke is and some stroke prevention.

Stroke Prevention

The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It starts with managing key risk factors, including high blood pressure, cigarette smoking, atrial fibrillation and physical inactivity. More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control.

When a Stroke Occurs: Quick Stroke Treatment Can Save Lives

If you’re having a stroke, or see someone having a stroke, it’s critical that you get medical attention right away. Immediate treatment may minimize the long-term effects of a stroke and prevent death.

There are two types of strokes: hemorrhagic or ischemic. An ischemic stroke occurs as a result of an obstruction within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain.  A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures and spills blood into brain tissue. The most common cause for the rupture is uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure). There are two other types of weakened blood vessels that also cause hemorrhagic stroke: aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Treatment differs depending on the type of stroke.

Stroke Detection

FAST is an acronym used as a mnemonic to help detect and enhance responsiveness to stroke victim needs.

F: Facial Drooping

A: Arm Weakness

S: Speech Difficulties

T: Time is of the essence